Posted By

erpalma on 10/25/12


Tagged


Versions (?)

Who likes this?

1 person have marked this snippet as a favorite

gnuskool


AES One Round Decrypt


 / Published in: Java
 

Secgroup

  1. import java.math.BigInteger;
  2.  
  3. /**
  4.  * @author Francesco Palmarini
  5.  *
  6.  */
  7. public class AES {
  8.  
  9. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  10. // Precomputed tables.
  11. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  12.  
  13. // Precomputed Rijndael S-BOX
  14. private static final char sbox[] = { 0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b, 0xfe,
  15. 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76, 0xca, 0x82, 0xc9, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0x59, 0x47, 0xf0, 0xad, 0xd4, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x9c, 0xa4, 0x72,
  16. 0xc0, 0xb7, 0xfd, 0x93, 0x26, 0x36, 0x3f, 0xf7, 0xcc, 0x34, 0xa5, 0xe5, 0xf1, 0x71, 0xd8, 0x31, 0x15, 0x04,
  17. 0xc7, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9a, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xe2, 0xeb, 0x27, 0xb2, 0x75, 0x09, 0x83, 0x2c,
  18. 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x6e, 0x5a, 0xa0, 0x52, 0x3b, 0xd6, 0xb3, 0x29, 0xe3, 0x2f, 0x84, 0x53, 0xd1, 0x00, 0xed, 0x20,
  19. 0xfc, 0xb1, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0xcb, 0xbe, 0x39, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x58, 0xcf, 0xd0, 0xef, 0xaa, 0xfb, 0x43, 0x4d, 0x33,
  20. 0x85, 0x45, 0xf9, 0x02, 0x7f, 0x50, 0x3c, 0x9f, 0xa8, 0x51, 0xa3, 0x40, 0x8f, 0x92, 0x9d, 0x38, 0xf5, 0xbc,
  21. 0xb6, 0xda, 0x21, 0x10, 0xff, 0xf3, 0xd2, 0xcd, 0x0c, 0x13, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xc4, 0xa7, 0x7e,
  22. 0x3d, 0x64, 0x5d, 0x19, 0x73, 0x60, 0x81, 0x4f, 0xdc, 0x22, 0x2a, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xee, 0xb8, 0x14, 0xde,
  23. 0x5e, 0x0b, 0xdb, 0xe0, 0x32, 0x3a, 0x0a, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5c, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xac, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xe4,
  24. 0x79, 0xe7, 0xc8, 0x37, 0x6d, 0x8d, 0xd5, 0x4e, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x56, 0xf4, 0xea, 0x65, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x08, 0xba,
  25. 0x78, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x1c, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xc6, 0xe8, 0xdd, 0x74, 0x1f, 0x4b, 0xbd, 0x8b, 0x8a, 0x70, 0x3e, 0xb5,
  26. 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xf6, 0x0e, 0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xb9, 0x86, 0xc1, 0x1d, 0x9e, 0xe1, 0xf8, 0x98, 0x11, 0x69,
  27. 0xd9, 0x8e, 0x94, 0x9b, 0x1e, 0x87, 0xe9, 0xce, 0x55, 0x28, 0xdf, 0x8c, 0xa1, 0x89, 0x0d, 0xbf, 0xe6, 0x42,
  28. 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2d, 0x0f, 0xb0, 0x54, 0xbb, 0x16 };
  29.  
  30. // Precomputed inverted Rijndael S-BOX
  31. private static final char rsbox[] = { 0x52, 0x09, 0x6a, 0xd5, 0x30, 0x36, 0xa5, 0x38, 0xbf, 0x40, 0xa3, 0x9e, 0x81,
  32. 0xf3, 0xd7, 0xfb, 0x7c, 0xe3, 0x39, 0x82, 0x9b, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x87, 0x34, 0x8e, 0x43, 0x44, 0xc4, 0xde, 0xe9,
  33. 0xcb, 0x54, 0x7b, 0x94, 0x32, 0xa6, 0xc2, 0x23, 0x3d, 0xee, 0x4c, 0x95, 0x0b, 0x42, 0xfa, 0xc3, 0x4e, 0x08,
  34. 0x2e, 0xa1, 0x66, 0x28, 0xd9, 0x24, 0xb2, 0x76, 0x5b, 0xa2, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0x25, 0x72, 0xf8, 0xf6,
  35. 0x64, 0x86, 0x68, 0x98, 0x16, 0xd4, 0xa4, 0x5c, 0xcc, 0x5d, 0x65, 0xb6, 0x92, 0x6c, 0x70, 0x48, 0x50, 0xfd,
  36. 0xed, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x5e, 0x15, 0x46, 0x57, 0xa7, 0x8d, 0x9d, 0x84, 0x90, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x00, 0x8c, 0xbc, 0xd3,
  37. 0x0a, 0xf7, 0xe4, 0x58, 0x05, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x45, 0x06, 0xd0, 0x2c, 0x1e, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x3f, 0x0f, 0x02, 0xc1,
  38. 0xaf, 0xbd, 0x03, 0x01, 0x13, 0x8a, 0x6b, 0x3a, 0x91, 0x11, 0x41, 0x4f, 0x67, 0xdc, 0xea, 0x97, 0xf2, 0xcf,
  39. 0xce, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xe6, 0x73, 0x96, 0xac, 0x74, 0x22, 0xe7, 0xad, 0x35, 0x85, 0xe2, 0xf9, 0x37, 0xe8, 0x1c,
  40. 0x75, 0xdf, 0x6e, 0x47, 0xf1, 0x1a, 0x71, 0x1d, 0x29, 0xc5, 0x89, 0x6f, 0xb7, 0x62, 0x0e, 0xaa, 0x18, 0xbe,
  41. 0x1b, 0xfc, 0x56, 0x3e, 0x4b, 0xc6, 0xd2, 0x79, 0x20, 0x9a, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xfe, 0x78, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0xf4, 0x1f,
  42. 0xdd, 0xa8, 0x33, 0x88, 0x07, 0xc7, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x12, 0x10, 0x59, 0x27, 0x80, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x60, 0x51, 0x7f,
  43. 0xa9, 0x19, 0xb5, 0x4a, 0x0d, 0x2d, 0xe5, 0x7a, 0x9f, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x9c, 0xef, 0xa0, 0xe0, 0x3b, 0x4d, 0xae,
  44. 0x2a, 0xf5, 0xb0, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61, 0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6,
  45. 0x26, 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63, 0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d };
  46.  
  47. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  48. // AES Functions.
  49. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  50.  
  51. // AES RoundKey pass
  52. private static byte[][] AddRoundKey(byte[][] state, byte[] key) {
  53. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
  54. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  55. state[j][i] ^= key[i * 4 + j];
  56. return state;
  57. }
  58.  
  59. // AES SubBytes and InvSubBytes passes
  60. static byte[][] SubBytes(byte[][] state, boolean inverted) {
  61. // Select the correct s-box, either inverted or not.
  62. char[] _sbox = inverted ? rsbox : sbox;
  63. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
  64. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  65. state[i][j] = (byte) _sbox[state[i][j] & 0xFF];
  66. // The mask is used to shift the byte value to the unsigned (positive)
  67. // one
  68. return state;
  69. }
  70.  
  71. // AES ShiftRow and InvShiftRow passes
  72. private static byte[][] ShiftRows(byte[][] state, boolean inverted) {
  73. byte[] t = new byte[4];
  74. for (int i = 1; i < 4; i++) {
  75. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  76. t[inverted ? (j + i) % 4 : j] = state[i][!inverted ? (j + i) % 4 : j];
  77. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  78. state[i][j] = t[j];
  79. }
  80. return state;
  81. }
  82.  
  83. // Multiplication function over GF(2^8) used in the MixColumns pass
  84. public static byte GFMult(byte a, byte b) {
  85. byte r = 0, t;
  86. while (a != 0) {
  87. if ((a & 1) != 0)
  88. r = (byte) (r ^ b);
  89. t = (byte) (b & 0x80);
  90. b = (byte) (b << 1);
  91. if (t != 0)
  92. b = (byte) (b ^ 0x1b);
  93. a = (byte) ((a & 0xff) >> 1);
  94. }
  95. return r;
  96. }
  97.  
  98. // AES MixColums and InvMixColumns passes
  99. private static byte[][] MixColumns(byte[][] state, boolean inverted) {
  100. int[] tmp = new int[4];
  101. // In this way I can use a single method to do both the inverted and the
  102. // straight version. I choose the correct first operand of the
  103. // multiplication by checking the boolean "inverted" flag.
  104. byte a = (byte) (inverted ? 0x0b : 0x03);
  105. byte b = (byte) (inverted ? 0x0d : 0x01);
  106. byte c = (byte) (inverted ? 0x09 : 0x01);
  107. byte d = (byte) (inverted ? 0x0e : 0x02);
  108.  
  109. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
  110. tmp[0] = GFMult(d, state[0][i]) ^ GFMult(a, state[1][i]) ^ GFMult(b, state[2][i]) ^ GFMult(c, state[3][i]);
  111. tmp[1] = GFMult(c, state[0][i]) ^ GFMult(d, state[1][i]) ^ GFMult(a, state[2][i]) ^ GFMult(b, state[3][i]);
  112. tmp[2] = GFMult(b, state[0][i]) ^ GFMult(c, state[1][i]) ^ GFMult(d, state[2][i]) ^ GFMult(a, state[3][i]);
  113. tmp[3] = GFMult(a, state[0][i]) ^ GFMult(b, state[1][i]) ^ GFMult(c, state[2][i]) ^ GFMult(d, state[3][i]);
  114. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  115. state[j][i] = (byte) (tmp[j]);
  116. }
  117.  
  118. return state;
  119. }
  120.  
  121. // Method used to recover the key using the known plaintext attack. The
  122. // known plaintext must be at least 16 characters long.
  123. private static byte[] recoverKey(String cipher, String plain) {
  124. byte[][] _cipher = arrayToMatrix(hexStringToByteArray(cipher));
  125. byte[][] _plain = arrayToMatrix(hexStringToByteArray(stringToHexString(plain)));
  126.  
  127. _plain = SubBytes(_plain, false);
  128. _plain = ShiftRows(_plain, false);
  129. _plain = MixColumns(_plain, false);
  130.  
  131. _cipher = ShiftRows(_cipher, true);
  132. _cipher = SubBytes(_cipher, true);
  133.  
  134. byte[] __plain = matrixToArray(_plain);
  135. byte[] __cipher = matrixToArray(_cipher);
  136. for (int i = 0; i < __plain.length; i++)
  137. __plain[i] ^= __cipher[i];
  138.  
  139. return __plain;
  140. }
  141.  
  142. // Method used to decrypt ciphertext using the given key.
  143. private static String decrypt(String cipher, byte[] key) {
  144. String decryptedText = new String();
  145. byte[][] state;
  146. for (int i = 0; i < cipher.length(); i += 32) {
  147. state = arrayToMatrix(hexStringToByteArray(cipher.substring(i, i + 32)));
  148.  
  149. state = ShiftRows(state, true);
  150. state = SubBytes(state, true);
  151. state = AddRoundKey(state, key);
  152. state = MixColumns(state, true);
  153. state = ShiftRows(state, true);
  154. state = SubBytes(state, true);
  155.  
  156. decryptedText += new String(matrixToArray(state));
  157. }
  158.  
  159. return decryptedText;
  160. }
  161.  
  162. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  163. // Auxiliary methods.
  164. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  165.  
  166. // Converts the given byte array to a 4 by 4 matrix by column
  167. private static byte[][] arrayToMatrix(byte[] array) {
  168. byte[][] matrix = new byte[4][4];
  169. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
  170. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  171. matrix[j][i] = array[i * 4 + j];
  172. return matrix;
  173. }
  174.  
  175. // Converts the given matrix to the corresponding array (by columns)
  176. private static byte[] matrixToArray(byte[][] matrix) {
  177. byte[] array = new byte[16];
  178. for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
  179. for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
  180. array[i * 4 + j] = matrix[j][i];
  181. return array;
  182. }
  183.  
  184. // Converts a string to the equivalent hex representation
  185. public static String stringToHexString(String string) {
  186. return String.format("%x", new BigInteger(1, string.getBytes()));
  187. }
  188.  
  189. // Converts the given string containing an hex representation to the
  190. // corresponding byte array
  191. public static byte[] hexStringToByteArray(String hexString) {
  192. int len = hexString.length();
  193. byte[] data = new byte[len / 2];
  194. for (int i = 0; i < len; i += 2) {
  195. data[i / 2] = (byte) ((Character.digit(hexString.charAt(i), 16) << 4) + Character.digit(
  196. hexString.charAt(i + 1), 16));
  197. }
  198. return data;
  199. }
  200.  
  201. // Converts the given byte array to the corresponding textual form
  202. public static String byteArrayToHexString(byte[] hexArray) {
  203. String hexString = new String();
  204. for (byte hex : hexArray)
  205. hexString += Integer.toString(hex & 0xFF, 16);
  206.  
  207. return hexString;
  208. }
  209.  
  210. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  211. // Main method.
  212. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  213.  
  214. public static void main(String[] args) {
  215. String plain = "Dear Joan Daemen";
  216. String cipher = "d7ef8973c2739ae508df16baad6dfe1ace63db6478d678ae157813a29090133d264c1809d70b689a90f0719ba9759851184a7c4a6f2b5b31667657bd8cdc7cb63de08adeb9b12200dc761ffc6c9b1c6f9883bb9cc155b60fdeeb9d99017067be6efa018603e264a55b20e8227ba6236a4ed29219b0f6737a09a2bebdd20fddf9a4a3b00e31f39d00d3cba966db831556";
  217.  
  218. byte[] key = recoverKey(cipher, plain);
  219. System.out.println("The key is (hex): \"" + byteArrayToHexString(key) + "\"");
  220.  
  221. String decryptedText = decrypt(cipher, key);
  222. System.out.println("The decrypted text is: \"" + decryptedText + "\"");
  223. }
  224. }

Report this snippet  

You need to login to post a comment.