RSS Writer Class


 / Published in: PHP
 

Contains two classes. RSS and RSSItem. Create a new RSS object and then populate it with RSSItems. Supports enclosures (audio/video files).

  1. /* E X A M P L E -----------------------------------------------
  2. $feed = new RSS();
  3. $feed->title = "RSS Feed Title";
  4. $feed->link = "http://website.com";
  5. $feed->description = "Recent articles on your website.";
  6.  
  7. $db->query($query);
  8. $result = $db->result;
  9. while($row = mysql_fetch_array($result, MYSQL_ASSOC))
  10. {
  11. $item = new RSSItem();
  12. $item->title = $title;
  13. $item->link = $link;
  14. $item->setPubDate($create_date);
  15. $item->description = "<![CDATA[ $html ]]>";
  16. $feed->addItem($item);
  17. }
  18. echo $feed->serve();
  19. ---------------------------------------------------------------- */
  20.  
  21. class RSS
  22. {
  23. var $title;
  24. var $link;
  25. var $description;
  26. var $language = "en-us";
  27. var $pubDate;
  28. var $items;
  29. var $tags;
  30.  
  31. function RSS()
  32. {
  33. $this->items = array();
  34. $this->tags = array();
  35. }
  36.  
  37. function addItem($item)
  38. {
  39. $this->items[] = $item;
  40. }
  41.  
  42. function setPubDate($when)
  43. {
  44. if(strtotime($when) == false)
  45. $this->pubDate = date("D, d M Y H:i:s ", $when) . "GMT";
  46. else
  47. $this->pubDate = date("D, d M Y H:i:s ", strtotime($when)) . "GMT";
  48. }
  49.  
  50. function getPubDate()
  51. {
  52. if(empty($this->pubDate))
  53. return date("D, d M Y H:i:s ") . "GMT";
  54. else
  55. return $this->pubDate;
  56. }
  57.  
  58. function addTag($tag, $value)
  59. {
  60. $this->tags[$tag] = $value;
  61. }
  62.  
  63. function out()
  64. {
  65. $out = $this->header();
  66. $out .= "<channel>\n";
  67. $out .= "<title>" . $this->title . "</title>\n";
  68. $out .= "<link>" . $this->link . "</link>\n";
  69. $out .= "<description>" . $this->description . "</description>\n";
  70. $out .= "<language>" . $this->language . "</language>\n";
  71. $out .= "<pubDate>" . $this->getPubDate() . "</pubDate>\n";
  72.  
  73. foreach($this->tags as $key => $val) $out .= "<$key>$val</$key>\n";
  74. foreach($this->items as $item) $out .= $item->out();
  75.  
  76. $out .= "</channel>\n";
  77.  
  78. $out .= $this->footer();
  79.  
  80. $out = str_replace("&", "&amp;", $out);
  81.  
  82. return $out;
  83. }
  84.  
  85. function serve($contentType = "application/xml")
  86. {
  87. $xml = $this->out();
  88. header("Content-type: $contentType");
  89. echo $xml;
  90. }
  91.  
  92. function header()
  93. {
  94. $out = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>' . "\n";
  95. $out .= '<rss version="2.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/">' . "\n";
  96. return $out;
  97. }
  98.  
  99. function footer()
  100. {
  101. return '</rss>';
  102. }
  103. }
  104.  
  105. class RSSItem
  106. {
  107. var $title;
  108. var $link;
  109. var $description;
  110. var $pubDate;
  111. var $guid;
  112. var $tags;
  113. var $attachment;
  114. var $length;
  115. var $mimetype;
  116.  
  117. function RSSItem()
  118. {
  119. $this->tags = array();
  120. }
  121.  
  122. function setPubDate($when)
  123. {
  124. if(strtotime($when) == false)
  125. $this->pubDate = date("D, d M Y H:i:s ", $when) . "GMT";
  126. else
  127. $this->pubDate = date("D, d M Y H:i:s ", strtotime($when)) . "GMT";
  128. }
  129.  
  130. function getPubDate()
  131. {
  132. if(empty($this->pubDate))
  133. return date("D, d M Y H:i:s ") . "GMT";
  134. else
  135. return $this->pubDate;
  136. }
  137.  
  138. function addTag($tag, $value)
  139. {
  140. $this->tags[$tag] = $value;
  141. }
  142.  
  143. function out()
  144. {
  145. $out .= "<item>\n";
  146. $out .= "<title>" . $this->title . "</title>\n";
  147. $out .= "<link>" . $this->link . "</link>\n";
  148. $out .= "<description>" . $this->description . "</description>\n";
  149. $out .= "<pubDate>" . $this->getPubDate() . "</pubDate>\n";
  150.  
  151. if($this->attachment != "")
  152. $out .= "<enclosure url='{$this->attachment}' length='{$this->length}' type='{$this->mimetype}' />";
  153.  
  154. if(empty($this->guid)) $this->guid = $this->link;
  155. $out .= "<guid>" . $this->guid . "</guid>\n";
  156.  
  157. foreach($this->tags as $key => $val) $out .= "<$key>$val</$key\n>";
  158. $out .= "</item>\n";
  159. return $out;
  160. }
  161.  
  162. function enclosure($url, $mimetype, $length)
  163. {
  164. $this->attachment = $url;
  165. $this->mimetype = $mimetype;
  166. $this->length = $length;
  167. }
  168. }

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Comments

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Posted By: lkrubner on September 30, 2007

In this line:

foreach($this->tags as $key => $val) $out .= "$val";

Is the newline really suppose to be inside of the tag?

Posted By: nijgnet on March 3, 2008

ln145: $out .= "\n"; should be not be a concatenation. Change to $out = "\n";

Posted By: Whowonthesuperbowl on February 1, 2010

Very nice, thanks for drawing this out for us. It's even cooler that it supports video, which is pretty much a must-have these days!

Posted By: FederikoNavarro on September 3, 2010

I have very similar problem. I've been trying to find any solutions in books on PHP. But this code saved my PHP assignment. Thanks)

Posted By: ColdKeyboard on February 5, 2011

Very nice class. I have used it to create a RSS feed for my MMORPG game. Thank you for sharing!

Posted By: platonica on March 28, 2012

Very nice class, easy to read and understand thanks. I experimented with using this but keep getting 2 blank lines at the start prior to the xml tag which breaks the xml parsing. I've tried adding trim() to the output but no change and I can't see why it would be happening. Any ideas?

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